13.8 GYBP Big Bang caused by a gravitational fluctuation in the vacuum
13.42 GYBP Universe becomes transparent to photons
13.4 GYBP Initial stars ignite
6.7 GYBP Supernova compresses a nebula which has formed from the remnants of previous stars
4.6 GYBP Sol forms
4.5 GYBP Lunar Impact
4.28 GYBP Crust Solidifies/First Rocks form
3.6 GYBP simple cells (prokaryotes)
3.4 GYBP cyanobacteria performing photosynthesis producing Oxygen
2.5 GYBP Plate Tectonics begin
2.4 GYBP Oxygenb catastophe wipes out many obligate anaerobes
2 GYBP complex cells (eukaryotes)
1 GYBP multicellular life
600 MYBP simple animals
550 MYBP bilaterians
500 MYBP fish and proto-amphibians
475 MYBP land plants
400 MYBP insects and seeds
360 MYBP amphibians
300 MYBP reptiles
252 MYBP extinction of the trilobytes
200 MYBP mammals
150 MYBP birds
130 MYBP flowers
100 MYBP bees
66 MYBP extinction of Pterosaurs and non-avian dinosaurs
60 MYBP primates
20 MYBP Hominidae (great apes)
2.5 MYBP genus H0m0 (protohumans)
11.7 MYBP extinction of australopithecines
200 kYBP anatomically modern humans
30,000 BCE extinction of Neanderthalus
12,000 BCE First signs of agricultural civilisation
3,200 BCE First Epic of Giglamesh
150 BCE Earliest copies of Hebrew myths
459 CE Earliest largely complete New Testament
Aldous Huxley, born 26 July 1894, died 22 November 1963
15 Aldous Huxley Quotes
- The propagandist’s purpose is to make one set of people forget that certain other sets of people are human.
- Every man’s memory is his private literature.
- There are things known and there are things unknown, and in between are the doors of perception.
- The proper study of mankind is books.
- That men do not learn very much from the lessons of history is the most important of all the lessons that history has to teach.
- A bad book is as much of a labor to write as a good one, it comes as sincerely from the author’s soul.
- Happiness is not achieved by the conscious pursuit of happiness; it is generally the by-product of other activities.
- Experience is not what happens to you; it’s what you do with what happens to you.
- I wanted to change the world. But I have found that the only thing one can be sure of changing is oneself
- The more powerful and original a mind, the more it will incline towards the religion of solitude.
- Maybe this world is another planet’s hell.
- Facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored.
- Technological progress has merely provided us with more efficient means for going backwards.
- Hell isn’t merely paved with good intentions; it’s walled and roofed with them. Yes, and furnished too.
- That all men are equal is a proposition which at ordinary times no sane individual has ever given his assent.
Huxley was an English writer, best known for his dystopian novel, Brave New World. He also edited the magazine Oxford Poetry. Huxley was a humanist, pacifist, and satirist, who was also well known for his advocacy and consumption of psychedelic drugs.
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By moving from a system where public services are supported by progressive general taxation to a system where they are supported exclusively by the flat fees people pay to use them, they move from a system where the rich are obliged to help the poor to a system where the less well-off enable services that the rich get for what is, to them, a trifling sum. The commodity that makes water and power cables and airports valuable to an investor, foreign or otherwise, is the people who have no choice but to use them. We have no choice but to pay the price the toll-keepers charge. We are a human revenue stream; we are being made tenants in our own land, defined by the string of private fees we pay to exist here.
I decided to try to work on myself at least by identifying some of the daily effects of white privilege in my life. I have chosen those conditions that I think in my case attach somewhat more to skin-color privilege than to class, religion, ethnic status, or geographic location, though of course all these other factors are intricately intertwined. As far as I can tell, my African American coworkers, friends, and acquaintances with whom I come into daily or frequent contact in this particular time, place and time of work cannot count on most of these conditions.
1. I can if I wish arrange to be in the company of people of my race most of the time.
2. I can avoid spending time with people whom I was trained to mistrust and who have learned to mistrust my kind or me.
3. If I should need to move, I can be pretty sure of renting or purchasing housing in an area which I can afford and in which I would want to live.
4. I can be pretty sure that my neighbors in such a location will be neutral or pleasant to me.
5. I can go shopping alone most of the time, pretty well assured that I will not be followed or harassed.
6. I can turn on the television or open to the front page of the paper and see people of my race widely represented.
7. When I am told about our national heritage or about “civilization,” I am shown that people of my color made it what it is.
8. I can be sure that my children will be given curricular materials that testify to the existence of their race.
9. If I want to, I can be pretty sure of finding a publisher for this piece on white privilege.
10. I can be pretty sure of having my voice heard in a group in which I am the only member of my race.
11. I can be casual about whether or not to listen to another person’s voice in a group in which s/he is the only member of his/her race.
12. I can go into a music shop and count on finding the music of my race represented, into a supermarket and find the staple foods which fit with my cultural traditions, into a hairdresser’s shop and find someone who can cut my hair.
13. Whether I use checks, credit cards or cash, I can count on my skin color not to work against the appearance of financial reliability.
14. I can arrange to protect my children most of the time from people who might not like them.
15. I do not have to educate my children to be aware of systemic racism for their own daily physical protection.
16. I can be pretty sure that my children’s teachers and employers will tolerate them if they fit school and workplace norms; my chief worries about them do not concern others’ attitudes toward their race.
17. I can talk with my mouth full and not have people put this down to my color.
18. I can swear, or dress in second hand clothes, or not answer letters, without having people attribute these choices to the bad morals, the poverty or the illiteracy of my race.
19. I can speak in public to a powerful male group without putting my race on trial.
20. I can do well in a challenging situation without being called a credit to my race.
21. I am never asked to speak for all the people of my racial group.
22. I can remain oblivious of the language and customs of persons of color who constitute the world’s majority without feeling in my culture any penalty for such oblivion.
23. I can criticize our government and talk about how much I fear its policies and behavior without being seen as a cultural outsider.
24. I can be pretty sure that if I ask to talk to the “person in charge”, I will be facing a person of my race.
25. If a traffic cop pulls me over or if the IRS audits my tax return, I can be sure I haven’t been singled out because of my race.
26. I can easily buy posters, post-cards, picture books, greeting cards, dolls, toys and children’s magazines featuring people of my race.
27. I can go home from most meetings of organizations I belong to feeling somewhat tied in, rather than isolated, out-of-place, outnumbered, unheard, held at a distance or feared.
28. I can be pretty sure that an argument with a colleague of another race is more likely to jeopardize her/his chances for advancement than to jeopardize mine.
29. I can be pretty sure that if I argue for the promotion of a person of another race, or a program centering on race, this is not likely to cost me heavily within my present setting, even if my colleagues disagree with me.
30. If I declare there is a racial issue at hand, or there isn’t a racial issue at hand, my race will lend me more credibility for either position than a person of color will have.
31. I can choose to ignore developments in minority writing and minority activist programs, or disparage them, or learn from them, but in any case, I can find ways to be more or less protected from negative consequences of any of these choices.
32. My culture gives me little fear about ignoring the perspectives and powers of people of other races.
33. I am not made acutely aware that my shape, bearing or body odor will be taken as a reflection on my race.
34. I can worry about racism without being seen as self-interested or self-seeking.
35. I can take a job with an affirmative action employer without having my co-workers on the job suspect that I got it because of my race.
36. If my day, week or year is going badly, I need not ask of each negative episode or situation whether it had racial overtones.
37. I can be pretty sure of finding people who would be willing to talk with me and advise me about my next steps, professionally.
38. I can think over many options, social, political, imaginative or professional, without asking whether a person of my race would be accepted or allowed to do what I want to do.
39. I can be late to a meeting without having the lateness reflect on my race.
40. I can choose public accommodation without fearing that people of my race cannot get in or will be mistreated in the places I have chosen.
41. I can be sure that if I need legal or medical help, my race will not work against me.
42. I can arrange my activities so that I will never have to experience feelings of rejection owing to my race.
43. If I have low credibility as a leader I can be sure that my race is not the problem.
44. I can easily find academic courses and institutions which give attention only to people of my race.
45. I can expect figurative language and imagery in all of the arts to testify to experiences of my race.
46. I can chose blemish cover or bandages in “flesh” color and have them more or less match my skin.
47. I can travel alone or with my spouse without expecting embarrassment or hostility in those who deal with us.
48. I have no difficulty finding neighborhoods where people approve of our household.
49. My children are given texts and classes which implicitly support our kind of family unit and do not turn them against my choice of domestic partnership.
50. I will feel welcomed and “normal” in the usual walks of public life, institutional and social.